Roman Facade Architecture

The Roman or classic facade of the building has been one of the most common, popular, and beautiful facade styles in recent years, attracting the attention of many people. The Roman or classical facade is comprehensively and briefly reviewed in this article without additional explanations.

The best and most beautiful two-story Roman facade with columns in Iran

Why the Roman facade?

The Roman facade is a unique and popular building style with many complex components and the use of special stones. The reason for the popularity of this style can be seen in its magnificent appearance. Its intricate design, preparation, and execution method is an essential issue in constructing Roman stone facades of urban buildings and structures.

Roman Facade Gallery

Iran Roman Facade Gallery

Roman facade design features

In designing the Roman or classic facade, materials are used that make the facade of the building unique. Usually, in the Roman style, stone material is used more than other materials to make the building look more magnificent. Light-colored stones in the Roman facade create a regal and original effect. For this reason, travertine stones with bright colors, especially cream colors, are often used in the Roman facade of buildings.

But that part of the facade that makes it Roman and classic is the use of arches, columns, and other details that make the facade significant and original. In addition, the use of lighting is often seen because it shows the splendor more.

roman facade architecture

Components of the Roman facade of the building:

  • The use of a large stone column (stone block) with a high height along with the capital cast
  • The use of inscriptions, stone panels, flowers and stone designs, crowns, and headstones
  • The use of sculpture in the entrances, on the columns in the interior and exterior
  • Using manufactured parts such as pillar capital

You can see the related products mentioned in the list below:

The use of travertine stone in Roman facade design

As mentioned above, travertine stone was used to design the Roman facade of the building. The reason is in the composition of travertine stone because this stone has a porous texture that is less heavy than other stones and also has the necessary standards for outdoor placement. But some designers and experts use white cement instead of stone to reduce the cost of building a Roman or classical facade. The reason for this can be seen in the high price of travertine stones.

roman facade style

Roman facade with cement or stone?

If we want to answer this question in one word, the answer is 100% with stone. Because in this style, which is supposed to show off the grandeur and glory of the building, the cost should not be the decision criterion. In addition, the durability, effect, and final result will not be comparable.

The design of the Roman facade of the building is inspired by the classical architecture and style of ancient Roman and Greek buildings. The history of the classical facade goes back to the fifth century AD and the time of the stability of Greek civilization and art. Greek society and culture flourished in the fifth century AD and profoundly impacted Roman civilization. So Greek classical architecture evolved in the 4th and 5th centuries AD. Due to the conquests at that time, the two societies of Rome and Greece dominated most parts of the world. So Many countries in different parts of the world were influenced by the culture and architecture of Greece and Rome.

The use of the Roman facade in Europe

After that, in the 9th to 12th centuries, Roman power spread throughout the world, so Roman or classical architecture became popular in European countries and gained many fans. So that in European countries, many churches and palaces with high walls and arches emerged in which the Roman style was seen. During the period of Renaissance architecture in France, Italy, and England, which was in the 15th and 16th centuries, many architects were modeled after Roman and Greek buildings. And Using those styles in the design of the Roman facade attracted the attention of many people.

Roman and classic building facade

Finally, in the 19th century, classical architecture developed and became popular in Europe. During this period, buildings were created that showed splendor, greatness, and originality by following the traditional architecture of ancient Rome and Greece. Even during this period, the classical style of Roman and Greek architecture found its way to America.

But the construction of buildings with classical Roman and Greek architectural styles was costly; this style was seen in most significant facilities such as churches, courts, universities, castles, and the like. The ancient Roman and Greek architectural styles of the building show the luxury of the building.

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